Founded in 1994, today it is the world's largest online retailer. The company also produces consumer electronics including the Kindle e-book reader, and provides cloud computing services. Acquired US organic food specialist Whole Foods for US$13.7 billion in 2017 to expand its grocery operations.
In 2017 engineers from ifixit.com disassembled and analysed a range of smartphones, tablets and laptops, awarding each a repairability score between one and ten. Ten is the easiest to repair. A device with a perfect score will be relatively inexpensive to repair because it is easy to disassemble and has a service manual available. Points are docked based on the difficulty of opening the device, the types of fasteners found inside, and the complexity involved in replacing major components. Points are awarded for upgradability, use of non-proprietary tools for servicing, and component modularity. Products by this company scored between 7 and 8 points.
[Source 2017][More on Product Safety]
Amazon staff work in a punishing environment - hours are long and impossible targets are set. The unpacking, movement, and repackaging of goods is relentless, and increased to levels that employees struggle to meet. It also has a ruthless 'three strikes and you're out policy' - where staff who do not meet these targets are sacked straight off the bat.
[Source 2014][More on Workers Rights]
In Dec 2016 Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families released a report card on US retailer actions to eliminate toxic chemicals from common household products. This company received the lowest grade of any retailer evaluated, with a letter grade of F.
[Source 2016][More on Product Safety]
This company received a score of 18.3/100 in the Newsweek Green Rankings 2016, which ranks the world's largest publicly traded companies on eight indicators covering energy, greenhouse gases, water, waste, fines and penalties, linking executive pay to sustainability targets, board-level committee oversight of environmental issues and third-party audits. Ranking methodology by Corporate Knights and HIP Investor.
[Source 2016][More on Sustainability Reporting]
Rank a Brand searches the websites of brands for the answers to carefully targeted questions. From this they calculate sustainability scores based on the themes of environment, climate, labor issues, and transparency. Brands owned by this company received an 'E', the lowest possible score.
[Source 2014][More on Sustainability Reporting]
Ethical Consumer in the UK are calling for a boycott on Amazon for tax avoidance. What singles Amazon out as a consumer-facing tax avoider is not just its size and market power, but the fact that its whole business model appears to be built around tax avoidance as a way of competing on price.
[Source 2015][More on Finance]
As You Sow's 2016 report, Mining the Disclosures, is a deep analysis of 230 companies' human rights performance in relation to sourcing conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This company's score was above 40% (Minimal).
[Source 2016][More on Human Rights]
D+ grade in the Baptist World Aid Australia's Behind the Barcode 'Ethical Electronics Guide 2016', which grades companies on their efforts to mitigate the risks of forced labour, child labour and worker exploitation throughout their supply chains. Assessment criteria fall into four main categories: policies, traceability & transparency, monitoring & training and worker rights.
[Source 2016][More on Workers Rights]
F for report card on paper practices of the office supply sector, (A best, F worst), covering chain of custody endangered forests plantations & controversial sources, responsible forestry & FSC-certification, recycling & reduction, and other leadership. [Listed under information due to age of report]
[Source 2009][More on Forests]
Climate Counts compares companies on their commitment to tackling global warming. The scoring ranges from A (best) to E (worst) and assesses the level of action taken on climate change using CDP's climate performance score as the primary indicator of company performance on climate change. This company received a score of 'NR' (No Response), for failing to publicly respond to the CDP climate change questionnaire.
[Source 2016][More on Climate Change]
Named and shamed in the 2014 CHOICE Shonky Awards. Amazon's Knidle e-reader copped a Shonky for deceptive claims about its battery life.
[Source 2014][More on Irresponsible Marketing]
This company is a member of the European Outdoor Conservation Association, a non-profit charitable organisation which supports conservation work by raising funds from within the European Outdoor sector and promoting care and respect for wild places.
[Source 2017][More on Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives]
Greenpeace's 2017 report 'Clicking Clean' looks at the energy footprints of large data centre operators and popular websites and applications, and calls on these companies to power their data centres on renewable energy. Companies are graded (A,B,C,D,F) on their commitment to and procurement of renewable energy, as well as energy efficiency, transparency and advocacy. This company's final grade was C.
[Source 2017][More on Climate Change]
The California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010 (SB 657) requires companies operating in California to disclose their efforts to eradicate slavery and human trafficking from their direct supply chains. KnowTheChain.org has examined this company's disclosure statement and concluded that it addresses the majority of SB 657 requirements. Follow the link to see this company's disclosure statement.
[Source 2013][More on Workers Rights]
Green America's Responsible Shopper provides details about the corporate responsibility records of well-known companies. Follow the link to see this company's profile. [Last updated 2009]
OpenSecrets.org tracks the influence of money on U.S. politics, and how that money affects policy and citizens' lives. Follow link to see this company's record of political donations, lobbying, outside spending and more.
Since its founding, the website Amazon.com has attracted criticism and controversy from multiple sources, where the ethics of certain business practices and policies have been drawn into question. See an extensive list of controversies on Wikipedia by following the link below.
|Company Structure||Public company|
|Revenue||US$74.5 billion in 2013|
|# Employees||117,300 in 2013|
|Address||Seattle, Washington, USA|