Bank of China
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One of China's big four state-owned commercial banks.
|Bank of China Ltd||CHN||website|
| Government of the People's Republic of China
owns 70% of Bank of China Ltd
|Bank of China Ltd|
In 2015 the Fair Finance Guide ranked the top financiers of selected fossil fuels companies (loans & underwriting) and compared it to their financing of renewable energy. This bank appeared 17th in the list of top 25 fossil fuel funders, after providing US$25.5 billion for fossil fuels and only US$0.7 billion for renewable energy between 2009 and 2014.
Source: Fair Finance (2015)
The 2021 report "Banking on Climate Chaos" analyses the world's 60 largest banks and their financing of tar sands oil, Arctic oil, offshore oil and gas, LNG, coal mining, and coal-fired power between 2016 and 2020. This bank invested US$101.2 billion between 2016 and 2020, making it the world's 14th worst fossil fuel funder.
Source: RAN (2021)
The Forest 500 identifies, ranks, and tracks the governments, companies and financial institutions worldwide that together could virtually eradicate tropical deforestation. Rankings are based on their public policies and commitments and potential impacts on tropical forests in the context of forest risk commodities (palm oil, soy, beef, leather, timber and paper). This financial instiution received a score of 0%.
Source: Forest 500 (2020)
The 2017 update to the report entitled "Worldwide Investments in Cluster Munitions: a Shared Responsibility" identifies 166 banks and other financial institutions with financial links to cluster munitions producers. This bank is listed in the report's Hall of Shame for having investments in one or more of the 6 cluster munitions producers named in the report between 1 June 2013 to 17 March 2017.
Source: Cluster Munition Coalition (2017)
The 2018 update of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons' (ICAN) global report, "Don't Bank on the Bomb" showed that 329 financial institutions from around the world invested into 20 companies involved in the production, maintenance and modernization of nuclear weapons. Since 2014 this financial institution invested over US$460 million into 2 of the 20 nuclear weapons producers named in the report.
Source: ICAN (2018)
This company received a score of 4.7/100 in the Newsweek Green Ranking 2017, which ranks the world's largest publicly traded companies on eight indicators covering energy, greenhouse gases, water, waste, fines and penalties, linking executive pay to sustainability targets, board-level committee oversight of environmental issues and third-party audits. Ranking methodology by Corporate Knights and HIP Investor.
Source: Newsweek (2017)
This bank is the world's 33th largest provider of loans and underwriting for single-use plastic polymer production, according to Minderoo Foundation's 2021 Plastic Waste Makers Index. Institutional asset managers and global banks are providing billions of dollars to companies that produce polymers from fossil fuels, as much as 100 times more than they provide to companies trying to shift to a circular economy. Plastic pollution is one of the biggest, most urgent threats facing our planet and our health.
Source: Minderoo Foundation (2021)
This company received an S&P Global ESG Score of 29/100 in the Banks category of the S&P Global Corporate Sustainability Assessment, an annual evaluation of companies' sustainability practices (last updated 7 Feb 2021). The rankings are based on an analysis of corporate economic, environmental and social performance, assessing issues such as corporate governance, risk management, environmental reporting, climate strategy, human rights and labour practices.
Source: S&P Global (2021)
This Nov 2011 report by a group of NGOs examines the financing of 31 major coal-mining companies and 40 producers of coal-fired electricity by 93 banks since 2005, the year the Kyoto Protocol came into force. This bank appeared twelfth on their list of 'Top Twenty Climate Killer Banks'. The NGOs are calling on the banks to shift their portfolios to renewables and energy efficiency and set and implement ambitious CO2 reduction goals for their financed emissions. [Listed under Information due to age of report]
Source: Banktrack (2011)
Nuclear power is a controversial, dangerous, and expensive form of energy generation. In the years 2000-2009 this company provided more than 6 billion euros of nuclear funding.
Source: Nuclear Banks (2009)
BankTrack is a global network of civil society organisations and individuals tracking the operations of the banking sector and the activities they finance. BankTrack aims to promote fundamental changes in the banking sector so that banks adopt just and sustainable business practices. Follow the link to see this bank's profile.
Source: BankTrack (2018)
|Government of the People's Republic of China|
This company is the world's 2th largest equity owner of companies producing single-use plastic waste, according to Minderoo Foundation's 2021 Plastic Waste Makers Index. Institutional asset managers and global banks are providing billions of dollars to companies that produce polymers from fossil fuels, as much as 100 times more than they provide to companies trying to shift to a circular economy. Plastic pollution is one of the biggest, most urgent threats facing our planet and our health.
Source: Minderoo Foundation (2021)
Amnesty International's 2021 report 'Like We Were Enemies in a War', outlines how Uyghurs, Kazakhs and other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities in China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region face systematic state-organized mass imprisonment, torture and persecution amounting to crimes against humanity. Muslim ethnic groups are being forced to abandon their religious traditions, cultural practices and local languages.
Source: Amnesty Intl (2021)
According to Human Rights Watch: "China's one-party authoritarian state under the Chinese Communist Party systemically curbs fundamental rights. Under President Xi Jinping, in power since 2013, the government has deepened repression at home and sought to muzzle critics abroad. It has arbitrarily detained human rights defenders and lawyers, tightened control over civil society, media, and the internet, and deployed invasive mass surveillance technology. The government imposes particularly heavy-handed control in the ethnic minority regions of Xinjiang and Tibet. The government's cultural persecution and arbitrary detention of a million Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims since 2017 constitute crimes against humanity. In Hong Kong, the government imposed draconian national security legislation in 2020 and systematically curbed the city's freedoms. The government initially covered up the Covid-19 outbreak and later hindered international efforts to investigate the virus's origin."
Source: Human Rights Watch (2021)
Amnesty International's 2020 report on China states "The year was marked by harsh crackdowns on human rights defenders and people perceived to be dissidents, as well as the systematic repression of ethnic minorities. The beginning of the year saw the start of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, which killed more than 4,600 people in China. People demanded freedom of expression and transparency after authorities reprimanded health professionals for warning about the virus. At the UN, China was strongly criticized and urged to allow immediate, meaningful and unfettered access to Xinjiang. Stringent restrictions on freedom of expression continued unabated. Foreign journalists faced detention and expulsion, as well as systematic delays to and refusals of visa renewals. Chinese and other tech firms operating outside China blocked what the government deemed politically sensitive content, extending its censorship standards internationally. China enacted its first Civil Code, which received thousands of submissions by the public calling for legalization of same-sex marriage. Hong Kongs National Security Law led to a clampdown on freedom of expression." Follow the link for further details.
Source: Amnesty Intl (2021)
Follow the link to see Wikipedia's article on the government of the People's Republic of China.
Source: Wikipedia (2021)
|Revenue||60 billion USD (2010)|
|Subsidiaries||Bank of China (Australia) Ltd|