|Praises, no criticism|
|Some praise, no criticism|
|Praises, some criticism|
|Criticism, some praise|
Note: Ratings are based on company record, including parent companies.
They are not a comment on the product itself.
|Outstanding Product Feature|
|Animal Ingredients Alert|
|The Guide > Electronics > Computing > Laptops|
|Conflict minerals refer to natural resources that are illegally mined and exported from conflict zones. Tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold (collectively known as 3TG) are used in the production of electronic goods such as smartphones, laptops and gaming devices. Because of the areas they are sourced from, the trade of conflict minerals finances violence, rape and extortion.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the world's main sources of conflict minerals - almost one-third of the global supply of tantalum comes from the DRC and adjoining countries. Since 1996 the country has been embroiled in conflict, resulting in the deaths of over 5.4 million people and the displacement of around 2 million.
- See The Truth Behind the Barcode: Electronics Industry Trends report [Baptist World Aid Australia]
- Avoid purchasing products that have been produced using conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. FairPhone produces smartphones that are 100% conflict-free [Fairphone]
- Choose to buy from companies that have taken steps to trace their supply chains and are attempting to avoid sourcing conflict minerals. Raise Hope for Congo has ranked the largest electronic companies on their commitment to tracing their supply chains and using legitimately-sourced minerals [Raise Hope for Congo]
- Read more about Conflict Minerals [ethical.org.au/issues]
|Labour exploitation occurs at both the extraction and manufacturing stages of production of electronic goods.
Child and forced labour is known to occur in the extraction of minerals for electronic goods. Artisanal and Small-scale mining (ASM) refers to mining conducted with low-tech machinery and physical labour.
Independent reports have consistently recorded the poor working conditions in supplier companies. In 2012 a report of ten electronics manufacturers in China found the average overtime of employees was between 100-130 hours per month - well in excess of the maximum 36 hours allowed under Chinese law. 11 hour days with very few days off are common.
- See 'Who Pays the Price? The Human Cost of Electronics' [YouTube]
- See ' The Truth of the Apple iPad Behind Foxconn's Lies' [YouTube]
- Identify which companies have produced your electronic goods and express your desire for them to improve factory conditions and the treatment of employees. See RankaBrand ratings [RankaBrand]
- Read more about Labour exploitation [ethical.org.au/issues]
|Tin is an important metal used as a solder in tablets and smartphones. Four smartphones contain around the same amount of tin as an entire car. Tin is contained within the crust of the earth and extracting it involves clearing and ploughing land, or dredging the seabed.
About one-third of the global tin supply comes from the Indonesian islands of Bangka and Belitung. Large-scale deforestation to make way for the mining threatens to leave up to half of Bangka's forests arid, and previously fertile ground and water aquifers have acidified.
- See Friends of the Earth's three part documentary: Mining for Smartphones [Friends of the Earth]
- Purchase electronics good from companies that are open about where they source tin from, acknowledge the damage tin extraction has caused in Indonesia, and support the introduction of sustainable mining practices. Firends of the Earth Netherlands has assessed major electronics companies based on their transparency and support for sustainable mining [Mileudefensie]
- Read more about Tin mining [ethical.org.au/issues]
|Apple Macbook||Apple Australia (Apple)||USA||4|
|Alienware||Dell Australia (Dell)||USA||4|
|Dell||Dell Australia (Dell)||USA||4|
|Fujitsu||Fujitsu Australia (Fujitsu)||JPN||4|
|HP||HP Australia (HP)||USA||4|
|Acer||Acer Australia (Acer)||TWN||5|
|Lenovo||Lenovo Australia (Lenovo)||CHN||5|
|Vaio||Sony Australia (Sony)||JPN||5|
|Asus||ASUS Australia (ASUS)||TWN||6|
|LG||LG Electronics Australia (LG)||KOR||6|
|Samsung||Samsung Australia (Samsung Group)||KOR||6|
|Toshiba||Toshiba Australia (Toshiba)||JPN||6|